Did you know you could be living in a particular country, while your daily job is in another country. People living in Denmark and Sweden didn’t know this could be possible until their governments decided to connect the both countries with a bridge of roads and railway. Øresund Bridge is the longest combined road and rail bridge in Europe and connects two major metropolitan areas: Copenhagen, the Danish capital city, and the Swedish city of Malmö.
The Øresund Bridge was designed by the Danish engineering firm COWI. In the 1930s, both the Swedish and Danish governments proposed the impossible: they would connect the two Nordic countries in a way that finally permitted easy travel between them. But thy were undecided about where to place the bridge until they decided to connect Malmö, Sweden, and Copenhagen, Denmark which were large regions in countries. After so many delays to start work, including the outburst of world War II, construction finally started in 1995 with each country owing a 50 percent stake. There were so many set backs including the discovery of 16 active bombs on the sea floor, but eventually the engineers finished work in 1999,while the bridge was officially opened to the public on 1st July 2000.
The bridge, which is 5 miles long, runs through to an artificial island and then transitions into drodgen tunnel at perberholm for another 2.5 miles. For over two-and-a-half miles, the tunnel permits under-sea travel from Pebeholm to the man-made isle of Kastrup, a suburb of Copenhagen.. It’s an award winning double-track railway and motorway.
The Øresund Bridge crosses the border between Denmark and Sweden, but in accordance with the Schengen Agreement and the Nordic Passport Union, there are usually no passport inspections. There are a few random customs checks at the entrance toll booths entering Sweden, but not when entering Denmark. Since January 2016, checks have become significantly more stringent due to the European migrant crisis. At first, travel between the two nations didn’t increase at the anticipated rate, but authorities chalked that up to high toll prices. Eventually, however, more Danish people bought homes in Malmö, a much more affordable place to live. From there, they commuted daily.
The bridge starts in Malmö and connects to pylons raised with steel cables. Parts of the bridge were built on dry land and then brought to location by a barge and crane.
Beneath four lanes of road span train tracks across a second, lower level of the bridge. The train travels up to 120 miles per hour, making it a perfect commuting option and a great way to facilitate travel between Denmark and Sweden.
Engineers constructed the tunnel on land in 20 segments—55 tons each!—and nestled them into a seabed trench. Five individual tubes comprise the Drogden interior: two for traffic, two for trains, and one for emergencies.